The Arab Republic of Egypt
The Arab Republic of Egypt
The Arab Republic of Egypt
Egypt claims a history stretching back seven millennia. Being Africa's gateway to Asia, Europe, and the Middle East contributed to the rise of the great Egyptian culture and its influence on early civilization. The Nile River continues to be the source of life for Egypt's people. The capital city is Cairo, the largest city in Africa. The currency is the Egyptian Pound and the official language is Arabic. The population exceeds 68 million people. 

The climate is moderate, with desert conditions in most of the country except for the Nile valley and Mediterranean coast. Offering such wonders as the pyramids and the sphinx, tourism plays a major role in the economy. Since reaching a peace accord with Israel, Egypt has received vast sums of foreign aid. The country's exports consist primarily of crude petroleum and refined products and cotton-textile products and fiber.

For further information, see the article in the Columbia Encyclopedia.

384,343 square miles
68,494,000 people
Urban Population
45 percent
Human Development Index
ranks 112 out of 174 countries
GNP Per Capita
$ 1,290 U.S. dollars
Life Expectancy
63 years
Adult Literacy
51 percent
6% Christian
94% Muslim
0% Traditional

Listen to the 
national anthem:

More Facts:  Ethiopia  Kenya  Mozambique  Namibia  Sudan  Tanzania

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The map and some of the information on this page have been provided courtesy of
© 1996-2000 by Graphic Maps. Used with permission.
Other information sources: UNDP, World Bank, and U.S. Census Bureau.

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& Brothers Africa Region